The Canada Research Chairs (CRC) Program stands at the centre of a national strategy to make Canada one of the world's top countries in research and development. Chairholders aim to achieve research excellence in engineering and the natural sciences, health sciences, humanities, and social sciences. Tier 1 chair positions must be full professors or associate professors who are expected to be promoted to the full professor level within one or two years of the nomination. Tier 2 chair positions must be emerging scholars.
CRC in Cardiovascular Biology
Peter Backx is a York University Professor in the Department of Biology, Faculty of Science and is a Tier 1 Canada Research Chair in Cardiovascular Biology. His research program focuses on Atrial fibrillation (AF), the most common arrhythmia, which severely impairs heart function, contributes to heart disease progression and is the major cause of stroke. Although exercise provides enormous cardiovascular benefit, excessive exercise can also induce AF. His research program will determine the molecular and genetic mechanisms involved in AF induction by cardiovascular disease, reveal the modulating influences of exercise, and identify novel approaches for treating and preventing AF.
CRC in Sustainable Organomain Group Materials
Thomas Baumgartner, Professor in the Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, is Canada Research Chair in Sustainable Organomain Group Materials (Tier 1). Baumgartner’s research, focused on the design of novel materials that can be used to lower the anthropogenic carbon footprint, will provide knowledge crucial to the development of essential next-generation technologies for a sustainable future. His program targets several energy-focused topics by addressing the efficient and sustainable use, conversion, and/or storage of energy via advanced synthesis in a bottom-up approach. The research also looks at the design of strongly luminescent species and their application as biomarkers and sensors for a variety of cellular processes.
CRC in Computer Vision
Michael Brown is a York University Professor in the Department of Electrical Engineering & Computer Science, Lassonde School of Engineering and a Tier 1 Canada Research Chair in Computer Vision. Brown’s research aims to improve the understanding of the physical world through camera images by: investigating image formation models that describe how incoming light (i.e., physical scene irradiance) is converted to camera sensor responses under different imaging scenarios; and designing novel in-camera imaging pipelines that produce image outputs suitable for both photographic and scientific tasks. His program is strongly aligned with York University’s $33.3 million Canada First Research Excellence Fund program, Vision: Science to Applications (VISTA), which focuses on research in biological and computational computer vision.
CRC in Metal-Free Materials for Catalysis
Christopher Caputo, Assistant Professor in the Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, is Canada Research Chair in Metal-Free Materials for Catalysis (Tier 2). Many chemical reactions to generate desirable products or energy are not favourable under ambient conditions. To overcome this, catalysts are routinely used to lower the activation barrier of these reactions. However, many catalysts are derived from precious and expensive transition metals. Caputo’s research targets new, low cost materials derived from readily available main-group elements to develop next-generation Lewis acidic materials to replace traditional catalysts.
CRC in Neurophysiology
Steven Connor, Biology Department, Faculty of Science, Tier 2 CRC in Neurophysiology, studies specialized zones of communication between brain cells known as synapses, and the fundamental properties of synapses as mutations in genes that code for proteins involved in synapse organization that are heavily implicated in neurodevelopmental diseases such as autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). ASDs are neurodevelopmental disorders characterized by impaired social and communication skills, as well as stereotyped patterns of behaviour.
CRC in Law, Communication and Culture
Rosemary J. Coombe holds the Tier 1 Canada Research Chair in Law, Communication and Culture at York University, where she teaches in Anthropology, the York & Ryerson Joint Graduate Program in Communication & Culture, and the Graduate Programme in Socio-Legal Studies. Coombe's work addresses the cultural, political, and social implications of intellectual and cultural property laws in contexts shaped by neoliberal governmentalities and human rights norms. She is especially interested in international indigenous rights, cultural heritage practice, and postcolonial issues. Prior to being awarded one of the country's first Canada Research Chairs she was Full Professor of Law at the University of Toronto, Faculty of Law. She holds a J.S.D. from Stanford University with a Minor in Anthropology and publishes widely in anthropology and political and legal theory.
J. Douglas Crawford
CRC in Visual-Motor Neuroscience
J. Douglas Crawford is a Distinguished Research Professor and the current Tier 1 Canada Research Chair in Visual-Motor Neuroscience , joined the York Department of Psychology in 1995. For over 20 years, his work at the York Centre for Vision Research has focused on the control of visual gaze in 3D space, eye-hand coordination, and spatial memory during eye movements. Crawford has numerous publications and awards including the 2004 Steacie Prize. He is the founder of the York Neurophysiology Labs, the York Graduate Diploma Program in Neuroscience, and the Canadian Action and Perception Network (CAPnet)–a consortium of six research centers which he continues to lead. Most recently he co-founded the 'Brain in Action' International Research Training Program, which he leads on behalf of Canada.
CRC in Personality and Health
Gordon Flett is a York University Professor in the Psychology department and a Tier 1 Canada Research Chair in Personality & Health . He is the Director of York University's LaMarsh Centre for Child and Youth Research. Flett is most recognized for his seminal contributions to research and theory on the role of perfectionism in psychopathology. Flett’s collaborative work with Dr. Paul Hewitt of the University of British Columbia on perfectionism (which was supported by grants from the Canadian Institutes of Health Research and the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada) has received widespread national and international attention and has been the subject of numerous media stories, including coverage on CTV, CNN, and the BBC. Other current research interests include the study of domains of resilience in children and adolescents. Dr. Flett also conducts programmatic research on the nature and correlates of suicidality across the lifespan.
CRC in the History of Modern China
Joshua Fogel is a professor in the History Department at York University and a Tier 1 Canada Research Chair in the History of Modern China. His research focuses on the importance of Japan in China’s modern development and the changing attitudes of China towards Japan (as well as vice-versa) from the fourteenth through to the nineteenth century. Fogel’s research is enhanced by a connection with the York Centre for Asian Research (YCAR), which provides an interdisciplinary focus for the study of Asia, drawing together the research of many prominent scholars. He has written, edited, or translated over fifty books.
CRC in Cell Physiology
David A. Hood is a York University Professor in the School of Kinesiology & Health, and a Tier 1 Canada Research Chair in Cell Physiology. Hood’s current research focus on skeletal muscle and heart biochemistry and molecular biology; mitochondrial adaptations in muscle subject to chronic contractile activity, including mechanisms of mitochondrial protein import and nuclear gene expression; cardiac muscle adaptations to thyroid hormone. He is also the Director of the Muscle Health Research Centre and recipient of York’s Faculty of Health Established Career Research Award (2009) and the Faculty of Graduate Studies Teaching Award (2007).
CRC in Health Psychology
Joel D. Katz is a York University Professor in the Department of Psychology and a Tier 1 Canada Research Chair in Health Psychology. Katz’s research interests focus on psychological, emotional, and biomedical factors involved in acute and chronic pain. He is a Canadian Psychological Association (2009) fellow and an American Psychological Association fellow (2010). Katz is also the recipient of the University of Toronto’s Department of Anesthesia Faculty Recognition Award (2011), York University Faculty of Graduate Studies’ Teaching Award (2011), the Canadian Pain Society Distinguished Career Award (2013) the York U Research Leaders Award (2014), and the Canadian Pain Society Outstanding Pain Mentorship Award (2016).
CRC in Environmental Toxicology
Raymond Kwong, Assistant Professor in the Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, is Canada Research Chair in Environmental Toxicology (Tier 2). His research examines the molecular and physiological effects of environmental stressors (e.g., anthropogenic and natural stressors), and the fundamental mechanisms regulating homeostatic processes in fish. The research, integrating environmental toxicology, molecular physiology, and functional genetics, will advance understanding of the mechanisms of toxic action, animal function, and physiological responses to contaminants. This information is critical for improving environmental risk assessment and monitoring, and for identifying sensitive biomarkers in the evaluation of aquatic health in contaminated waters.
CRC in Socially Engaged Research in Race and Racialization
Christopher Kyriakides, Department of Sociology, Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies is a Tier 2 Canada Research Chair in Socially Engaged Research in Race and Racialization. Kyriakides' 'Racialized Reception Contexts' research program focuses on configurations of racialization in relation to the meaning of ‘East/West’, ‘South/North’ and articulations of racism and nationalism in the reception of refugees in Europe, North America and the Middle East. His research is guided by the understanding that racialization, particularly in light of the post-9/11 ‘war on terror,’ works with the historical conditions of racism specific to a given national formation, but in a dynamic global context. The initial five-country analysis, including Canada, the United States, Italy, Greece and Jordan, will examine the extent to which policy instruments and media discourses related to the ‘global refugee crisis’ negatively impact on racialized communities in each reception context.
CRC in Indigenous Environmental Justice
Deborah McGregor is a York University Professor in the Osgoode Hall Law School, the Faculty of Environmental Studies, and is a Tier 2 Canada Research Chair in Indigenous Environmental Justice. McGregor is working to advance the theory and practice of environmental justice scholarship by engaging with Indigenous intellectual traditions. Her research program seeks to develop a distinctive environmental justice framework based on Indigenous knowledge systems and the lived experience of Indigenous peoples. Her research will provide a much deeper understanding of environmental injustices facing Indigenous peoples, and even more importantly, lead to viable approaches to addressing such challenges.
CRC in Entrepreneurial Innovation
Theodore J. Noseworthy is a York University Professor at the Schulich School of Business in the area of Marketing and a Tier 2 Canada Research Chair in Entrepreneurial Innovation and the Public Good. Noseworthy’s research interests focus on new product design and innovation. He predominantly explores how people make sense of new innovative products and how marketers can better facilitate adoption. Noseworthy’s theoretical interests are in the area of product categorization, category ambiguity, and visual processing. In 2012, he was appointed Scientific Director of the NOESIS: Innovation, Design, and Consumption Laboratory, a scientific lab specifically developed to explore the psychological and behavioural consequences of innovative goods and services.
CRC in Philosophy of Moral and Social Cognition
Regina Rini is a York University Assistant Professor in the Department of Philosophy, Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies and a Tier 2 Canada Research Chair in Philosophy of Moral and Social Cognition. Rini’s research focuses on how people in democratic societies justify their social beliefs to one another. Her work analyzes research from the social sciences, especially cognitive science and sociology, to draw conclusions about how public debate currently works. She also investigates philosophical questions about what it means to improve public debate. How can we take deep moral and political difference seriously while remaining respectful in a diverse society? Rini's central answer is a connection between public discourse and personal moral agency. She argues that we cannot understand our individual moral and political decisions without also understanding how we relate to those of others.
CRC in Planetary Science
Isaac Smith, Lassonde School of Engineering, Tier 2 CRC in Planetary Science. Professor Smith is a planetary scientist who concentrates on atmospheric, surface, and subsurface processes on Mars, especially related to ice. He came to York from the Planetary Science Institute, where he joined as a post-doctoral researcher in 2016 and was promoted to research scientist in 2017. He completed his PhD at the University of Texas at Austin in 2013 and afterward received a Fulbright Fellowship to work at Le Laboratoire de Météorologie Dynamique at Sorbonne University in Paris.
CRC in Young Lives, Education and Global Good
Kate Tilleczek is a Professor in the Faculty of Education (commencing July 1) and a Tier 1 Canada Research Chair in Young Lives, Education and Global Good. Tilleczek’s research examines how education can better assist more young people and provides unique national and international data on critical risk and protective situations encountered by contemporary youth. Her work documents how marginal youth are affected by shifting global and local contexts such as digital technology and mental health challenges. It unearths the positive and resilient aspects of young lives and provides longitudinal and cross-cultural comparisons in Canada and beyond. Her research is mobilized to the academy, communities, and decision makers who are in positions to better support youth. The Chair also builds new global youth partnerships, linking young people across countries and cultures to develop social innovations for the greatest challenges they face.
CRC in Computational Vision
John K. Tsotsos is currently the Distinguished Research Professor of Vision Science at York University, where he also holds the NSERC Tier 1 Canada Research Chair in Computational Vision. He holds Adjunct Professorships in the departments of Computer Science and of Ophthalmology and Vision Sciences at the University of Toronto. He was Director of the Centre for Vision Research from 2000 to 2006. In 2014 he became the founding Director of the Centre for Innovation in Computing at Lassonde. His research efforts span the areas of computer vision, computational neuroscience, human vision, artificial intelligence and robotics. He is the recipient of the 2006 Canadian Image Processing and Pattern Recognition Society Award for Research Excellence, and Service and of the 1st President’s Research Excellence Award by York University in 2009. He was elected Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada, Academy of Sciences, Division of Mathematics and Physical Sciences in 2010 and was awarded their 2015 Sir John William Dawson Medal for excellence in multidisciplinary research.
CRC in Particle Physics and Cosmology
Sean Tulin, Department of Physics & Astronomy, Faculty of Science, is a Tier 2 Canada Research Chair in Particle Physics and Cosmology. The existence of dark matter is one of the Universe’s great mysteries. All stars, planets, and interstellar gas are made from atoms, and yet atomic matter represents only 15% of the total matter in the Universe. The remaining 85% is dark matter. Dark matter provides the cosmic foundation for galaxies to form, but its microphysical properties remain unknown. Tulin’s research provides new directions toward discovering dark matter’s elusive particle nature. By combining astrophysics, particle theory, and cosmology, he is developing new ideas to illuminate dark matter’s particle dynamics through its effect on cosmic structure.
CRC in Canadian Migration Policy, Impacts and Activism
Ethel Tungohan is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Politics, Faculty of Liberal Arts & Professional Studies and a Tier 2 Canada Research Chair in Canadian Migration Policy, Impacts and Activism. Tungohan will undertake an analysis of discourses that have underpinned the Canadian government’s policies towards temporary foreign workers from 1973 until 2017 and the nature of these policies and their effects on different groups of temporary foreign workers. She will also examine the range of migrant workers’ social movement activities that have emerged as a response, in particular, to anti-migrant discourses and policies.
Doug Van Nort
CRC in Digital Performance
Doug Van Nort is a York University Professor in the Department of Theatre and Department of Digital Media, School of the Arts, Media, Performance & Design and is a Tier 2 Canada Research Chair in Digital Performance. Van Nort’s work is concerned with issues of performance and sensorial immersion in technologically-mediated environments. His research-creation work integrates improvisation and collective performance with machine agents, interactive systems and experiences of telepresence. He is the founding director the Distributed Performance and Sensorial Immersion (DisPerSion) Lab at York.
Leah F. Vosko is Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada, Professor and a Tier 1 Canada Research Chair in the Political Economy of Gender & Work at York University. The CRC renewal in 2017 will allow Vosko to examine impediments to the realization of labour market membership for workers facing multiple dimensions of precariousness in employment across several jurisdictions and fields of employment policy. It will allow her to scale-up to the pan-Canadian level her ongoing research on the effectiveness of workplace regulation in Ontario. Her research program also includes (1) the development of an Employment Standards Database, offering a platform for comparative research on employment standards; (2) the creation of the Canada Labour Code Data Analysis Infrastructure, transforming a large-scale administrative database that the Government of Canada's Labour Program maintains into a research tool yielding new insights into labour standards compliance across the country; and (3) an investigation identifying avenues for realizing labour market membership among workers labouring transnationally.
CRC in Interactive Information Visualization
Graham Wakefield Is a York University Professor in the Department of Visual Art & Art History, School of the Arts, Media, Performance & Design and a Tier 2 Canada Research Chair in Interactive Information Visualization. Wakefield’s research-creation is founded upon a trans-disciplinary training in art, music, virtual reality, mathematics, and philosophy, partnered with extensive professional practice in software engineering. Wakefield’s artworks have been exhibited at major international museums such as ZKM and his research is documented in leading journals and conferences, including a best paper award at NIME 2013.
CRC in Applied Mathematics
Jianhong Wu is a York University Distinguished Research Professor and a Tier 1 Canada Research Chair in Industrial and Applied Mathematics. He has a record of exceptional scientific contribution in a number of fields relevant to nonlinear analysis and health research, including health informatics, infectious disease modelling, public health emergency simulations, neural networks, complex data analytics and nonlinear dynamics. Wu is well known for his leadership in several renowned national interdisciplinary projects including the Mpime NCE funded infection dynamics modelling project, and the GEOIDE NCE funded geosimulation of disease spread. He was awarded the Queen’s Diamond Jubilee medal in 2012. He has also been recognized by visiting fellowship internationally such as the Cheung Kong Visiting Professorship and the Alexander von Humboldt Fellow.
Georg Zoidl, Tier 1 CRC in Molecular and Cellular Neuroscience, is a Professor in the Department of Psychology, Faculty of Health and Department of Biology, Faculty of Science and Engineering. His research examines the functions of nerve cells in the brain and the visual system as a means to understanding overall brain activity in health and disease. In this process, he explores the molecular and cellular machinery enabling communication processes in the brain that contribute to vision, learning and memory, and disease-causing conditions.